Machine Awareness: Self-reflexive Algorithms – The Spectrum of Science

In a closed room there is a person who cannot be spoken to, but can only communicate through a mail slot via messages in Chinese. Is it possible to know beyond a reasonable doubt whether this person really understands Chinese? He can only search for the correct answer to a letter in a large dictionary. It is impossible for outside observers to tell the difference. It cannot be answered with certainty whether an organism has consciousness or merely mimics similar behaviour.

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